Density of States in Graphene with Vacancies: Midgap Power Law and Frozen Multifractality

Autor:
V. Häfner, J. Schindler, N. Weik, T. Mayer, S. Balakrishnan, R. Narayanan, S. Bera, F. Evers
 Quelle:
 Datum: 2014

The density of states ϱ(E) of graphene is investigated numerically and within the selfconsistent Tmatrix approximation in the presence of vacancies within the tight binding model. The focus is on compensated disorder, where the concentration of vacancies n_A and n_B in both sublattices is the same. Formally, this model belongs to the chiral symmetry class BDI. The nonlinear sigma model predicts for BDI a Gadetype singularity ϱ(E)∼E^(−1) exp[−log(E)^(−1/x)]. Our numerical data are comparable to this result in a preasymptotic regime that gives way, however, at even lower energies to ϱ(E)∼E^(−1 ) log(E)^(−x), 1 ≤ x <2. We take this finding as evidence that,similar to the case of dirty dwave superconductors, generic bipartite random hopping models may also exhibit unconventional (strongcoupling) fixed points for certain kinds of randomly placed scatterers if these are strong enough. Our research suggests that graphene with (effective) vacancy disorder is a physical representative of such systems.