Signature of the Dirac cone in the properties of linear oligoacenes

  • Autor:

    R. Korytár, D. Xenioti, P. Schmitteckert, M. Alouani, F. Evers

  • Quelle:

    Nat. Commun. 5, 5000 (2014)

  • Datum: 2014
  • Organic electronics offers prospects of functionality for science, industry and medicine that are new as compared with silicon technology and available at a very low material cost. Among the plethora of organic molecules available for materials design, polymers and oligomers are very promising, for example, because of their mechanical flexibility. They consist of repeated basic units, such as ​benzene rings, and the number of these units N determines their excitation gap, a property that is often used in proposals of organic photovoltaics. Here, we show that contrary to a widely held belief the magnitudes of excitation gaps do not always decay monotonously with N, but can oscillate due to the presence of a ‘Dirac cone’ in the band structure. With an eye on the more fundamental question how a molecular wire becomes metallic with increasing length, our research suggests that the process can exhibit incommensurate oscillations.