Theory of valley physics in SiGe quantum dots

TKM Institutsseminar


Jonas Lima


15.02.2024 14:00


10.01, Geb. 30.23, CS; and Zoom


University of Konstanz


Igor Gornyi


The weak spin-orbit coupling and the nuclear zero-spin isotopes of silicon and germanium make Si/Ge quantum dots an ideal host for semiconductor spin qubits [1]. However, the degeneracy of the conduction band minima of bulk silicon, known as valleys, limits the performance and scalability of quantum information processing. The valley degeneracy is lifted in quantum dots in Si/SiGe heterostructures due to biaxial strain and a sharp interface potential, but the reported valley splittings are often uncontrolled and can be as low as 10 to 100 μeV, creating a competition between the valley degree of freedom and the spin as the low energy two-level system. In this presentation I will discuss in detail the main challenges for the enhancement and control of the valley splitting in silicon quantum dots. I will describe a new three-dimensional model within the effective mass theory for the calculation of the valley splitting in realistic Si/SiGe heterostructures, which takes into account concentration fluctuations at the interface and the lateral confinement [2,3].

[1] G. Burkard et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 95, 025003 (2023)
[2] J. R. F. Lima and G. Burkard, Mater. Quantum Technol. 3, 025004 (2023)
[3] J. R. F. Lima and G. Burkard, arXiv:2310.17393 (2023)