Nonequilibrium spin noise and noise of susceptibility

  • Author:

    P. Schad, B. N. Narozhny, Gerd Schön, and A. Shnirman

  • Source:

    Phys. Rev. B 90, 205419 – 17 November 2014

  • Date: 17.11.2014
  • We analyze out-of-equilibrium fluctuations in a driven spin system and relate them to the noise of spin susceptibility. In the spirit of the linear response theory we further relate the noise of susceptibility to a 4-spin correlation function in equilibrium. We show that, in contrast to the second noise (noise of noise), the noise of susceptibility is a direct measure of non-Gaussian fluctuations in the system. We develop a general framework for calculating the noise of susceptibility using the Majorana representation of spin-1/2 operators. We illustrate our approach by a simple example of noninteracting spins coupled to a dissipative (Ohmic) bath.