Emergent quantum coherence in random magnets allows to probe incipient many-body localization

TKM Institutsseminar


Markus Müller


11/07/2024 12:30


10.01, Geb. 30.23, CS; and Zoom


Paul Scherrer Institut


Alexander Mirlin


Local excitations in magnetic materials are usually highly incoherent, since they dephase very quickly due to mutual interactions. However, there are interesting exceptions to this common lore. Our joint experimental and theoretical study of the random rare-earth magnet LiY_{1−x}Tb_xF_4 reveals that a combination of hyperfine interactions, external magnetic fields and substantial disorder allows excitons on pairs of Tb sites to retain coherence for remarkably long times, as they can be well shielded from the dominant decoherence channels. The remaining decoherence turns out to probe the slow dynamics in the neighborhood of these degrees of freedom, which thus act as quantum sensors. This is particularly interesting as a means to probe the nearly many-body localized dynamics of strongly disordered dipolar magnets.


Emergence of highly coherent two-level systems in a noisy and dense quantum network, A. Beckert, M. Grimm, N. Wili, R. Tschaggelar, G. Jeschke, G. Matmon, S. Gerber, M. Müller, G. Aeppli, Nat. Phys. 20, 472, (2024). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-023-02321-y.